Mishpatim 5776

Why does פרשת משפטים and תרומה come out in the calendar near Rosh Chodesh Adar?
The Gemara in Taanis says ‘משכנכנס אדר מרבים בשמחה’ and the (חתם סופר (אורח חיים קס”ג says that even the first אדר is included in this halacha.
What is the שמחה, happiness that we are supposed to be feeling?

Rashi says the commandments mentioned in פרשת משפטים were also said on הר סיני.
The מזרחי explains that although all commandments were said at הר סיני, these commandments were special because they were said with “lighting and thunder”: similar to the “Ten Commandments”. What is special about these monetary commandments that it was essential for them to be given over to us with “lighting and thunder”?

Monetary commandments carry an important significance because of our constant “Mitzva” to make a dwelling for the Almighty within our home. Every “Dollar” or “Euro” that is part of our home becomes part of the “Mishkan” that we are creating for the Almighty. Therefore, an extra level of care needs to be associated with it’s acquisition. This is why these commandments were given with “lighting and thunder”‘.

Adar comes from the term אדור, which translates as the “Almighty lives amongst us”. What does this mean?
We are now at the end of the calendar year. We have gone through the cycle of holidays the Almighty has bestowed upon us for our spiritual growth. At this point, we have gone through the necessary preparations in building our own personal “Mishkan” for the Almighty. Last year we also built a “Mishkan” and hopefully we have now completed another loftier “Mishkan” so that the Almighty can dwell in our midst (through our keen observance of holidays and commandments this year).
The “simcha” we are suppose to feel is the success that we have achieved over the course of the year to make our house into a “Mishkan. Now that the “Mishkan” is set up, אדר comes. The Almighty is ready to rest his שכינה amongst us.This brings extra joy.

This is why Adar falls out during these weeks. משפטים, which teaches us how to acquire our possessions and תרומה which teaches us the importance of making a “Mishkan” for the Almighty.